ABOUT NEPHROLOGY / CKD FACT SHEET

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Nephrology is a branch of medical science that deals with diseases of the kidneys.

The kidney are amazing organs that play a major role in keeping our body clean and healthy by flushingout unwanted wastes and toxic material.The kidney also play a crucial role in regulating blood pressure, the volume of fluid and electrolytes in the body. Most people know that a major function of the kidneys is to remove waste products and excess fluid from the body. These waste products and excess fluid are removed through the urine. The production of urine involves highly complex steps of excretion and reabsorption. This process is necessary to maintain a stable balance of body chemicals.

The critical regulation of the body's salt, potassium and acid content is performed by the kidneys. The kidneys also produce hormones that affect the function of other organs. For example, a hormone produced by the kidneys stimulates red blood cell production. Other hormones produced by the kidneys help regulate blood pressure and control calcium metabolism.